The art of image capturing dates back to several centuries. At the time, when no cameras were available, people just used a canvas to draw an image of any object or person. With technological advancement, the scenario started to change. Cameras became more versatile and could capture images in high resolutions.
The First Photograph
The first photograph was taken in 1826. This process was accomplished by Joseph Nicephore Niepce. It was not similar to modern-day photography but did result in capturing the entire scene. The method was called heliography that produced an original image on a sheet that is now kept in the University of Texas.
After that came the photograph of New York. It was captured using an old camera with only black and white colors. After that several photography sessions were done by people in different years. Another significant capture was of the moon, taken by John W. Draper in 1840. This was a historic moment as it was the first photo of the moon.
Since that time, there have been many changes in the way a photograph is taken and what tools are used to achieve the perfect image capturing. We will now discuss modern photography in detail.
When was color photography invented?
After the basics of photography were cleared, people were trying new ways to capture the original object. However, most of them were only able to produce images in black and white color. So, there was a need to capture the image in natural colors.
Louis Ducos Du Hauron created a method of color mixing that can fill the photographs with colors. Small pigments of colors were added. In this technique, the first three negatives were taken that were black and white. These were converted to positives by combining dyed images.
One experiment was conducted by Gabriel Lippmann in 1891, who explained how color can be transferred to images using a light interference technique. But this was a quite lengthy process.
Gabriel Lippmann, Du Hauron, and others were able to generate color images. But the practicality of these procedures was not acceptable. Though, if we want to trace back, then the first color photography was done by Maxwell, who mixed three colors red, green, and blue to create an image using a light source.
Then, a few more years, Auguste and Louis Lumiere, who were two French brothers achieved the coloring of photographs using autochrome. Their first presentation on this topic was given in 1904 which was followed by 1907 when the commercial production of autochromes began.
This was a great achievement for cinematography. The working of autochromes involved a filter screen along with a light-sensitive emulsion that was placed on a single glass support. The material used was starch grains. Furthermore, the manufacturing of these items was a complex task but reaped great benefits.
Autochrome created a base for modern photography, where three colored grains were used to create an image while transmitting the light and exposing an object for 30 seconds. It was the best way of photography that created a boom in 1913.